Stories of the hostages taken by Hamas from Israel

The Israeli military says that 239 people are being held hostage by Hamas.

Four hostages have been released and another was freed by Israeli forces. Ori Megidish, an Israeli solider, was freed during ground operations in Gaza on 29 October. Two women, Nurit Cooper and Yocheved Lifschitz, were freed on Monday 24 October. On Friday 20 October, two US hostages – a mother and daughter – were also freed.

Israel now says that the bodies of two hostages – Noa Marciano and Yehudit Weiss – have been found near Al-Shifa hospital in Gaza.

Hamas says it has hidden the hostages in “safe places and tunnels” within Gaza. Israel Defense Forces (IDF) have previously said the hostages include 20 children and between 10 and 20 over-60s.

The IDF have notified some families that their loved ones are being held hostage, while other families – whose relatives remain unaccounted for – believe they have been taken.

These are the stories of hostages taken from Israel on 7 October which have been either confirmed by the BBC or credibly reported.

This list is regularly updated and names may change, as some people feared kidnapped are confirmed to have been killed or released.

Last updated on 17 November 2023 at 08:26 GMT.

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Three female Israeli hostages seen in video released by Hamas

Rimon Buchshtab Kirsht, 36, Daniele Aloni, 44,and Lena Trupanov, 50, appeared in a hostage video released by Hamas on 30 October.

Yagev Kirsht, Rimon’s husband, was also taken from their home in Kibbutz Nirim.

Alexander Trupanov, who is Lena’s son, his partner Sapir Cohen, 29, and his grandmother Irina Tati, 73, were all abducted from Kibbutz Nir Oz as they spent the Sabbath together, according to a statement by Canada’s Raoul Wallenburg Center for Human Rights.

Daniele Aloni, 44, is being held with her daughter Emilia, 5, Daniele’s sister Sharon Aloni Cunio, 34, her husband David Cunio, 33, and their three-year-old twin daughters Ema and Yuly. They were kidnapped from Nir Oz, Sharon and Daniele’s brother Moran told CNN. Moran said he was told by a witness that the family had taken shelter in a safe room but Hamas had then set fire to the house – they were taken hostage after leaving to escape the flames.

Ariel Cunio, his girlfriend Arbel Yahud and her brother Dolev are also thought to have been abducted in the same attack on Nir Oz. Eitan Cunio, a brother of Ariel and David Cunio who escaped Hamas, told the Jewish Chronicle that his last message from Ariel said: “We are in a horror movie.”

Ophelia Roitman, 77, sent a message pleading for help as Hamas attacked Nir Oz. Her daughter said in a video that a search of her house afterwards had found other bodies, but she was missing and is thought to have been abducted.

Shani Goren, 29, was kidnapped her home in Nir Oz and later seen by family members in a video posted by Hamas. The granddaughter of Uruguayan nationals, she was granted citizenship after her abduction and Uruguay has told local media it is working for her release.

Doron Steinbrecher, 30, a veterinary nurse, was in her apartment in Kibbutz Kfar Aza when Hamas attacked, the Times of Israel reported. At 10:30 on 7 October, the newspaper said, she sent a voice message to friends: “They’ve arrived, they have me.”

Naama Levy, 19, was filmed being bundled into a jeep, her hands tied behind her back. The footage was released by Hamas and circulated widely on social media. According to her mother, the teenager had just begun her military service.

Gelienor Leano Pacheco, 33, a Filipino caregiver and father of three, had been working in Israel for five years before he went missing, according to his wife Clarisse. Online reports say he had been in Nir Oz at the time of Hamas’s attack. Clarisse said she had seen videos on social media which showed her husband being hauled into a vehicle.

Hanna Katsir, 77, appears in a hostage video released by Islamic Jihad on 9 November. In it, she is seen sitting in a wheelchair as she addresses the camera. She was abducted from Nir Oz.

Twin brothers Gali and Ziv Berman, 26, were taken from Kfar Aza. Ziv was messaging a friend as the attack happened, Their family said the IDF has told them the brothers are being held in Gaza. Their brother Liran told CBN news the pair had “twin power” and were the centre of attention wherever they went.

Michel Nisenbaum, 59, is a dual Brazilian-Israeli citizen who has lived in Israel for 45 years and works as a computer technician, his family told Brazilian media. They also say he is diabetic and has Crohn’s disease. On 7 October, they say, someone claiming to be from Hamas answered his phone when they tried to call him.

Emily Hand, 8, is missing from Kibbutz Be’eri and is now believed to have been abducted, the Irish embassy in Israel confirmed to Irish broadcaster RTÉ. Her father Tom Hand, had initially been told that Emily had been killed.

Daniela Gilboa, 19, sent messages saying that Kibbutz Nahal Oz, where she was staying, was under attack and asked her mother to pray for her. Her boyfriend, Roy Dadon, told the Economist 1843 magazine that he believes he saw a glimpse of her in a video showing three girls being driven away in the back of an SUV.

Gali Tarshansky, 13, was kidnapped from Be’eri. Her brother, Lior, was killed in the attack.

Itay Chen, 19, a dual US-Israeli citizen and IDF solider, was on active duty with a tank unit on 7 October, according to the Times of Israel. The paper reported that his family was notified by the IDF that he is officially considered missing in action and probably being held hostage in Gaza.

Ofir Engel, 18, an Israeli-Dutch national, was visiting his British girlfriend Noiya Sharabi, 16, at Be’eri when Hamas arrived, his family told reporters. Noiya was murdered in the attack, along with her 13-year-old sister and mother. Ofir’s family say he and Noiya’s father Eli Sharabi were seen being driven away by their attackers.

Agam Berger, 19, was kidnapped from Nahal Oz. She was seen being taken away in videos released by Hamas.

Dror Kaplun, 68 was identified by his niece in a Hamas video. He was being led away from Be’eri after the attack. His wife, Marcelle Frailich Kaplun, who was also in the video, was later found dead but Dror remains missing.

Alon Lulu Shamriz was taken from Kfar Aza kibbutz, his family say

Alon Lulu Shamriz, 26, was at Kfar Aza at the time of attack, his family told Israeli media. His father said he had been informed by the IDF that Alon had been kidnapped.

Edan Alexander, 19, is an Israeli-US citizen who volunteered to join the Israeli army. He was serving near the Gaza border at the time of Hamas’s attack. Edan’s family said they had been told by Israeli officials that he had been taken to Gaza as a hostage.

Kaid Farhan Elkadi, 53, lives with his family south of Rahat and worked as a security guard, according to Israeli media. Reports said his family believes he was kidnapped and taken to Gaza, based on images shared by Hamas.

Arye Zalmanovich, 85, lived at Nir Oz, according to online reports. His family say they have not heard from him since 7 October.

Ilana Gritzewsky and Matan Zanguaker were captured near the Gaza border, family say

Ilana Gritzewsky 30, and her partner Matan Zanguaker, 24, were taken hostage from Nir Oz, according to Ilana’s father. Ilana is a Mexican national while Matan is an Israeli citizen.

Kong Salau, 26, a Thai national, was in a worker’s camp in an avocado orchard in Khirbet Mador when Hamas attacked. Pictures of him being abducted later emerged. His wife, Suntree Saelee, told the Bangkok Post he was earning money to build them a new home.

Yehudit Weiss, 65 – named Judith Waiss in some reports – was abducted from Be’eri on 7 October. Her husband, Shmuel, was killed in the Hamas attack. On 16 November the Israel Defense Forces said her body had been found near Al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza.

Chen Almog-Goldstein, 48, and her children Tal, 9, Gal, 11, and Agam, 17, were abducted from their homes in Kfar Aza, their family told the Associated Press. Chen’s husband Nadav and their 20-year-old daughter Yam were killed by Hamas militants.

Eitan Horn, 37, and his brother Yair, 45, both Argentinian citizens, were also in Nir Oz at the time of the attack. Their father Itzik said he believes they were kidnapped. Yair is a construction worker while Eitan works in education.

Itai Svirsky, 38, is thought to have been abducted when his elderly parents were killed in Be’eri. He had been visiting them for the holiday of Simhat Torah.

Elma Avraham, 84, had lived at Nahal Oz for nearly 50 years prior to her kidnap, a spokesperson for the community said. The spokesperson added that she was filmed being driven away by hostage-takers.

Elma Avraham had been a Nahal Oz resident for almost half a century, a spokesperson said

Keith Seigel, 64, and his wife Adrienne – often known as Aviva – Seigel, 62, were taken from their home in Kfar Aza, Keith’s brother Lee Seigel told the BBC.

Nili Margalit, 41, a nurse, was kidnapped from her home in Nir Oz, friends and family say. They are reported to have been told by Yocheved Lifschitz, a hostage who was later released, that she had recognised Nili in captivity.

Tal Haimi, a 41-year-old with Israeli-Romanian citizenship, was also part of the Kibbutz Nir Yitzhak security team but did not return with the others. His wife told Romanian TV she was clinging to hope that he had been taken hostage.

Omri Miran, 46, lived in Nahal Oz with his wife and two daughters. Omri was led away by Hamas with his hands tied, his wife Lishay told the Guardian newspaper. She told him not to be a hero, urging: “Do whatever they want because I want you back.”

Bipin Joshi, 23, a Nepalese student, is believed to have been taken from Kibbutz Alumim. Nepalese newspaper Setopati says he was one of 49 university students studying agriculture in Israel. It says 10 students were killed in the attack.

Shiri Weiss, 53, Ilan Weiss, 58 and their daughter Noga, 18, have been missing since the attack on Be’eri. Ilan was last seen leaving the house to defend the kibbutz, but did not return. A video message from the family said Shiri was captured while Noga hid under the bed, until fires set by Hamas forced her out and she too was kidnapped. Noga’s WhatsApp live location could be seen moving towards Gaza.

Amiram Cooper, 85, and his wife Nurit, 80, were taken from their home in Nir Oz, their daughter-in-law Noa told the BBC. The family last spoke to the couple during the Hamas attack, Noa said, when the couple were in their safe room. The family later traced Amiram’s phone to Gaza. On Monday 23 October, Nurit was one of two women to be released.

Oded Lifshitz, 83, and his wife Yocheved, 85 were taken hostage from Nir Oz. On Monday 23 October, Yocheved was one of two elderly women to be freed. After hearing the news of her mother’s release, their daughter Sharone – a London-based artist – said: “While I cannot put into words the relief that she is now safe, I will remain focused on securing the release of my father and all those – some 200 innocent people – who remain hostages in Gaza.”

Nik Beizer, 19, was on duty at an IDF base at Erez Crossing, the sole land route between Israel and Gaza, when it was attacked. His mother, Ekaterina, told the Jerusalem Post she had identified him in a video posted by Hamas on an Arabic-language Telegram channel.

Haim Peri, 79, was taken from his home in Nir Oz, reports the Times of Israel, and freed hostage Yocheved Lifshitz said she saw that he was alive and well. His son Lior Peri told Talk TV that Haim had locked his wife inside the safe room before giving himself up to kidnappers.

Ohad Munder-Zichri, 9, his mother, Keren Munder, 54, and his grandparents Ruthi and Avraham Munder, both 78, were kidnapped from Nir Oz, Israeli officials say. The Associated Press reported that a phone signal has been traced to Gaza.

Omer Neutra, a 22-year-old Israeli-American and grandson of Holocaust survivors, put off plans to go to college in the US to study in Israel, and eventually joined the IDF. He was serving as a tank commander near Gaza when Hamas attacked. Omer’s parents say they were told by the Israeli embassy that he had been kidnapped.

Ron Benjamin’s vehicle was found empty following the attacks

Ron Benjamin, 53, had been taking part in a group cycle ride near the Gaza border when the Hamas attack began and he decided to drive home, his family told Israeli media. Days later, his vehicle was found empty and his family believe he was kidnapped.

Clara Marman, 62, her partner Louis Har, 70, her siblings Fernando Simon Marman, 60, and Gabriela Leimberg, 59, and Gabriela’s daughter Mia Leimberg, 17,are believed to have been taken from Nir Yitzhak. The group of five Argentinian-Israelis had been hiding in their safe room, according to Louis Har’s daughter who was texting with him. The last message came at 11:04, the Times of Israel reported. Clara’s daughter Maayan Sigal-Koren said they had been told by the Israeli army that their phones had been tracked to Gaza, according to Vatican News.

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Margalit Mozes, 78, was seen in a video clip being taken away from her home in Nir Oz by Hamas, her brother Chanon Cohen told CBS. She has health problems that require almost constant medical care, her family said.

Eitan Yahalomi, 12, was driven away from Nir Oz by Hamas on one moped, and his mother Bat-Sheva and two sisters on another. Bat-Sheva, who is a French national, told a press conference that she managed to escape with her daughters but that she lost sight of Eitan as he was driven towards Gaza. Bat-Sheva’s husband Ohad was shot and injured earlier, as he tried to defend the family in their home, and is now missing.

Judith Weinstein Haggai, 70, and her husband, Gad Haggai, 73, also went missing from Nir Oz after the Hamas attack. Ten days later, the Israeli military confirmed to the family they had been taken hostage, CTV News in Canada reported.

Adina Moshe, 72, was identified by her family in a video clip showing her wedged between two Hamas fighters on a motorbike, apparently taking her to Gaza. She had been kidnapped from Nir Oz, her relatives told CNN.

Alex Danzig, 75, a scholar and historian of the Holocaust, was at his home in Nir Oz, when it was attacked by Hamas. “We know for sure he was kidnapped,” his son Mati told the BBC. Alex – whose older sister Edith is a Holocaust survivor – has spent the last 30 years working for Yad Vashem, Israel’s Holocaust remembrance centre. His disappearance has triggered a campaign for his release, both in Israel and in Poland, the country of his birth.

Alex Danzig has spent decades educating people about the Holocaust

Itzhk Elgarat, 68, was kidnapped at the same time as Alex Danzig, his brother Danny Elgert told Israel’s Kan 11 TV station, adding that he had tracked his brother’s phone to the border with Gaza.

Hagar Brodutch, 40, her daughter Ofri, 10, and sons Yuval, 8,and Oria, 4, were at Kfar Aza when Hamas struck, according to Avichai Brodutch, Hagar’s husband. He told ABC News that he initially believed they were dead – but then received a message from the kibbutz that they had been seen alive, being led away.

Doron Katz Asher, 34, and her two daughters Raz, 4, and Aviv, 2, were taken captive while staying with relatives near the Gaza border. Doron’s husband, Yoni, saw a video of his wife and daughters being loaded onto a truck with other hostages. He also traced Doron’s mobile phone to Gaza.

Doron Katz Asher (C) and daughters Aviv (L) and Raz (R) were among those abducted, according to videos seen by relatives

Gadi Moses, 79, was also abducted during the same attack on Nir Oz, according to relatives and the Israeli aid agency where he worked as an agricultural expert. Efrat Katz, his partner and mother of Doron Asher, was initially thought to have been captured as well, but she was later found dead, the Times of Israel reported.

Ravid Katz, 51, brother of Doron Asher, was also taken from Nir Oz, his family say. Ravid had left his wife and four-month-old baby with neighbours in their secure room while he went to fight Hamas with the kibbutz security team, the Times of Israel said.

Meirav Tal, 53, her partner Yair Yaakov, 59, and his children Yagil, 13, and Or, 16, are listed among the hostages. The children’s mother, Ranana, was on the phone with them when Hamas arrived, and heard her youngest son cry, “Don’t take me, I’m too young!” A video also appears to show Yair and Meirav with their captors.

Yair Yaakov was pictured being held captive by a gunman in a video shared online

Amit Shani, 16, was ordered into a car by Hamas gunmen after they broke into the family’s safe room in Be’eri, his mother told the New York Times.

Tsachi Idan, 51, was last seen by his wife, Gali, as he was taken away by Hamas gunmen. Their family had been ambushed in their safe room in Nahal Oz. Their ordeal was live-streamed by Hamas. Their eldest child, Maayan – who had just turned 18 – was shot dead, Gali told the BBC.

Ron Scherman, a 19-year-old Israeli soldier, was kidnapped at a border crossing, his mother Maayan told Israel’s i24 news channel. She later identified him in a video posted by Hamas, she said.

Shiri Bibas, 32, her husband, Yarden, 34, and their two young children, Ariel and Kfir Bibas, are believed to have been abducted from Nir Oz where Shiri was a kindergarten teacher. She was pictured holding Ariel, 3, and 10-month-old Kfir, surrounded by Hamas gunmen. Shiri’s parents, Yossi and Margit Silberman, were killed during the attack.

Shiri Bibas and her two young children being taken away by Hamas

Daphna Elyakim, 15, and her sister Ella, 8, were seen on video being held in their home in Nahal Oz, relatives said. The girls’ father, Noam Elyakim, Noam’s partner Dikla Arava and her 17-year-old son Tomer were killed. Relatives said Ella and Daphna have appeared in photos posted by Hamas.

Karina Ariev, a 19-year-old soldier, was serving at an army base near Gaza when she was kidnapped. Her sister Alexandra told the BBC she heard shooting as Karina called her during the attack, and later saw a video showing Karina being taken away in a vehicle.

Karina Ariev was at the Nahal Oz military base, which was among the first to be attacked

Ofer Kalderon, 53, and his two children, Erez, 12, and Sahar, 16, were taken by Hamas from Nir Oz. A video on social media appeared to show Erez being taken by gunmen towards Gaza, their relative Ido Dan told the BBC. Two other relatives, 80-year-old Carmela Dan and her granddaughter, Noya, 12, were also believed to have been taken, but Israeli authorities later announced they had been found dead.

Erez (L) and Sahar Kalderon (R) are among the members of one family who were abducted from the Nir Oz kibbutz

Maya Goren, 56,was setting up the kindergarten at Nir Oz on the morning of 7 October when Hamas attacked, the Times of Israel reported. Her husband Avner was killed. Maya’s phone has since been traced to Gaza.

Tami Metzger, 78, and her husband Yoram, 80, were residents of Nir Oz. Their daughter-in-law told reporters the IDF had informed the family that their phones had been tracked to Gaza. Yoram has diabetes and broke his hip six months ago, while Tami is on multiple medications, her daughter-in-law said.

Channah Peri, 79, and her son Nadav Popplewell, 51, were taken hostage by Hamas, said Channah’s daughter Ayelet Svatitzky, who was speaking to them on the phone when the gunmen burst in. She said the captors sent pictures of her two relatives, who both have diabetes, with armed men in the background.

Omri Miran, 46, was abducted after his family opened the door to their secure shelter to an Israeli child, who said he would be killed otherwise. Omri’s wife, Lishay Lavi, said she saw him being taken away in handcuffs with three other hostages from Nahal Oz.

Liri Elbag, 18, had just started military training as an Army lookout near the Gaza border when Hamas attacked, her father Eli told the Associated Press. Eli said he saw her in a video circulated later by Hamas, crowded with others on the back of a military truck which had been seized by the gunmen.

Aviv Atzili and his wife Liat Beinin Atzili, both 49, went missing from their home in Nir Oz on the day of the attack. Their house was burned down, but there was no sign of a struggle or blood. According to The Times of Israel, Aviv’s phone was geo-located in Gaza a day later.

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A number of people are believed to have been abducted from the Supernova music festival in southern Israel. Among them:

Almog Sarusi, 26, was kidnapped from the music festival and his partner Shahar Gindi was killed, according to Israeli media. Almog’s father, Yigal, was among the relatives of hostages who met with Israel’s prime minister in October.

Omer Shem Tov, 21, called his parents as he was running away from gunfire and managed to get into a friend’s car. His parents, Shelly and Malki Shem Tov, told Israeli media they lost contact with their son and the live location on his phone showed he was beyond the border in Gaza.

Guy Iluz, 26, a bass player in a Jewish band, was kidnapped escaping from the festival. His bandmates announced the news during a concert in Tel Aviv.

Mia Schem, 21, who holds dual French and Israeli nationality, appeared in the first hostage video released by Hamas saying that she had been abducted from the festival. The Israel Defense Forces confirmed she had been taken hostage and said they were in touch with her family, who agreed images from the video could be shown.

Mia Shem pleaded for her release in the first hostage video released by Hamas’s armed wing, the al-Qassam Brigades

Idan Shtivi, 28, an environmental sciences student, was attending the festival to take pictures at music and yoga workshops being held by friends. He escaped the site in his car but was attacked by Hamas along the route. The bodies of two of his passengers were found, and his family told the Jerusalem Post they suspect he was kidnapped.

Yosef Ohana, 24, had been at the festival with a friend, who told his mother he and Yosef had remained to help people escape the gunfire before running themselves. Yosef was last seen hiding under a car, and Israeli authorities have visited his mother to say he was kidnapped.

Noa Argamani, a Chinese-born Israeli citizen, was also kidnapped from the festival. Video footage – verified by her father Yaakov Argamani to Israel’s Channel 12 – shows the 25-year-old being taken away on the back of a motorbike screaming, “Don’t kill me!” Her boyfriend Avinatan Or, 30, also appears in the video being marched away from her by Hamas, the Times of Israel reported.

Eden Yerushalmi’s family say they were told she had been taken hostage

Eden Yerushalmi, 24, called her family during Hamas’s attack on the festival, her sister May told CBS News. The family say they were subsequently informed by the IDF that Eden had been abducted.

Chanan Yablonka, 42, is a father-of-two from Tel Aviv. According to reports, he attended the festival with friends and was due to celebrate his birthday a few days after the attacks.

Guy Gilboa-Dalal was filmed in captivity in Gaza, his family say

Guy Gilboa-Dalal, 22, attended the festival with his brother. Guy appears in a hostage video that his family say confirms he in Gaza.

Uriel Baruch, 35, was injured during the attack on the festival, his wife said on Facebook. Reports in Israeli media say his mother, Naomi, has heard from the IDF that he is a hostage.

Maxim Kharkin’s mother described speaking to him on the morning of 7 October

Maxim Kharkin is aged 35 and a Russian speaker, his mother told Russian media. She added that he had called her at 07:00 on the morning of the attack.

Moran Yanai, 40, a jewellery designer, was selling her work at the festival when the attack happened. She was later seen in a video sitting on the ground surrounded by derogatory Arabic text about Jews, her brother told the Associated Press.

Elkana Bohbot was seen in a video posted by Hamas

Elkana Bohbot, 34, had gone to the party with friends and, before losing contact, he spoke to his wife and mother telling them he was helping to evacuate the wounded, the Times of Israel reported. Hours later, his family found a video of him posted online by Hamas, which has been seen by BBC Verify.

Rom Braslavski, 19, was working on security for the festival. According to an account published by Hostages and Missing Families Forum, he was trying to rescue an injured person in the attack when he was caught in a volley of fire. He has not been heard from since.

Omer Wenkert, 22, a restaurant manager, sent a message to his family to say he was going to a safe shelter but then lost contact, his father Shai Wenkert told the BBC’s Today Programme. Shai Wenkert said he had seen footage of his son in captivity, including a photo of him handcuffed and wearing only underwear.

Evyatar David, 23, was at the festival and on the morning of the attacks, described fleeing from gunfire before losing contact with the outside world, his brother says. Later, his family say, Evyatar’s sister posted on Instagram appealing for information about his whereabouts. She then received a text from an unknown number, which contained video footage of Evyatar handcuffed on the floor of a dark room. According to Israel’s foreign ministry he is being held captive by Hamas in Gaza.

Eitan Mor, 23, lives in Jerusalem, and was working as a security guard at the festival, the Times of Israel said. He reportedly texted his uncle after Hamas arrived and was last seen with a friend bringing others to safety.

Alon Ohel, 22, a Serbian citizen, took refuge in a shelter after the festival came under attack, his family say. They have seen footage of him being dragged away after a grenade attack.

Almog Meir Jan, 21, tried to flee the festival. He and a friend made it to the friend’s car but only managed to drive a short distance before being forced to stop. Almog’s family say they have seen a hostage video in which he appears.

Inbar Heiman, a student aged 21, was seen by two young Israeli men being taken away from the festival on a motorcycle. Hamas have released a video in which she is seen very briefly.

Hersh Goldberg-Polin, 23, from California, was seen by witnesses being loaded onto a truck, his family told the Los Angeles Times. He was badly injured and unconscious, the witnesses said, and his last-known phone location showed him on the border with Gaza.

Maya Regev, 21, and her brother Itay, 18, from Herzliya are also believed to have been taken. On the morning of the attack, Maya’s father got a call from his daughter who screamed “Dad they’re shooting at me, I’m dead”. The family said they later spotted Itay in handcuffs in the back of a vehicle in a video released by Hamas. Almost two days later, the Israeli army informed the family that both Maya and Itay had been abducted.

Segev Kalfon, 26, was running away from the festival, across the highway, when he was captured by Hamas, according to the Hostages and Missing Families Forum.

Roni Krivoi, a 25-year-old dual Israeli-Russian national, was working at the festival as a sound engineer. His family haven’t heard from him since the morning of the attacks, but when they did eventually get through to his phone, someone answered in Arabic. The Israeli military later contacted the family to say they believed he had been abducted.

Orión Hernández Radoux, 30, from Mexico, attended the festival with his girlfriend, Shani Louk. He has not been seen since. The Sun newspaper says it has seen threatening messages written in Arabic sent from his phone. Shani, a tourist from Germany, was initially thought to be among those seized. But on 30 October, her mother Ricarda told German media that the family had been informed by Israeli military of her death following DNA identification.

Romi Lesham Gonen, 23, was on the phone to her mother as she tried to escape from the Supernova festival. Merav Leshem Gonan has recounted a conversation in which her daughter begged for help after being shot. ABC News reports that Romi’s phone is now in Gaza.

Bar Kuperstein, 21, last spoke to his family early on the morning of 7 October, as the attack unfolded. Later the same day, his family say they identified him in a video of Israeli prisoners, posted by Hamas. Since then, they say they have had no further information.

Eliya Cohen, 26, was hiding with his girlfriend Ziv from the attack, when Ziv felt him being pulled up and driven away by the gunmen, Eliya’s mother has told the video initiative #BringThemHomeNow. The family then found a photo of Eliya in Gaza, the Times of Israel reported.

Amit Buskila, 28, from Ashdod, was last heard of making a call to her uncle, Shimon, as Hamas overran the festival. Her family say they have now been told by the government that she is being held in Gaza.

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Yarden Roman-Gat, a 36-year-old German-Israeli citizen, was kidnapped with her husband and young child by Hamas from Kibbutz Be’eri. She, her husband Alon, and three-year-old Gefen escaped when the car briefly stopped, but Yarden became separated from the others, relatives told CNN, adding they fear she may have been recaptured.

Carmel Gat, 39, is Jordan’s sister-in-law, and also was seen by her father being taken by gunmen from Kibbutz Be’eri, Haaretz newspaper reported. She has not been heard from since.

Ohad Vahalomy, 49, and his 12-year-old son Ethan were abducted from their kibbutz, according to Ohad’s mother, Esther. She said her daughter-in-law and two of her granddaughters managed to escape when five gunmen burst into their home, but Ohad and 12-year-old Ethan were taken.

Ditza Heiman, 84, was seen by a neighbour at Nir Oz being led away by Hamas gunmen, her niece said. A former social worker, she is the widow of Zvi Shdaimah, who came to the UK on the Kindertransport, the organised rescue of children from Nazi-controlled areas during World War Two.

Aged 84, Ditza Heiman was taken away from the kibbutz where she lived, a neighbour said

Dror Or, 48, his son Noam, 17, and daughter Alma, 13, were seen by a neighbour being dragged out of their home in Be’eri, according to their nephew Emmanuel Besorai. There has been no contact since, he said. The body of Yonat, 50 – Dror’s wife and the children’s mother – was identified among the 120 people murdered at the kibbutz, Yonat’s brother told the Guardian newspaper.

Dr Shoshan Haran, 67, was kidnapped from her home in Be’eri, according to Fair Planet, the non-profit she founded. Her daughterand son-in-law, Adi and Tal Shoham (both 38), and their children, Nave, 8, and Yahel, 3, were also taken. Dr Haran’s husband, Avshalom – an economist and dual German/Israeli citizen – was killed in the attack.

Sharon Avigdori, 52, and her daughter Noam, 12, are relatives of Dr Haran and are believed to have been kidnapped from Be’eri at the same time. Eviatar Kipnis, 65 and his wife Lilach Kipnis, 60, were killed, the family has said.

Yafa Adar, 85, was kidnapped from Nir Oz. Her granddaughter Adva found a video of her being taken to Gaza, surrounded by four armed men. Yafa’s grandson Tamir, 38, who defended the kibbutz as part of the Nir Oz emergency squad, was also taken to Gaza, the Times of Israel reported.

Yafa Adar was filmed being transported in a golf cart by a group of armed men

Ada Sagi, 75, is also believed to have been abducted from her home in Nir Oz. Her son, Noam, said Israeli soldiers found bloodstains but no sign of his mother and she was not among those killed or injured in the small community.

Noam had been expecting his mother, Ada Sagi, in London next week for her 75th birthday

Sagui Dekel-Chen, 35, an American-Israeli citizen, has been missing since Hamas’s attack on Nir Oz, his father Jonathan told the BBC. He said his son was not found among the dead and the “only reasonable explanation” is that he was taken to Gaza.

Sagui Dekel-Chen’s father has not heard from him since Hamas attacked the kibbutz where he lived

Joshua Mollel, 21,and Clemence Mtenga, 22, from Tanzania, have been kidnapped, Israel’s Foreign Ministry has said. The two men were in Israel on an agricultural internship programme. Mr Mollel’s father told the BBC his son was studying at Nahal Oz.

Anucha Angkaew, 28, a Thai national who had worked on an avocado farm for almost two years, was seen in a video published by Hamas. His wife, Wanida Maarsa, identified him to BBC Thai.

Husband and wife Boonthom Phankhong, 45, and Nattawaree “Yo” Moonkan, 35, were working at a mushroom-packing factory near Gaza when Hamas gunmen burst in and began firing, according to Thai TV reports. Yo screamed while everyone else was hiding and was taken along with her husband.

O-wat Suriyasri, 40, was photographed with his hands tied behind his back as armed men looked on, according to Thai TV reports. He has a child with his wife back in Thailand.

Manee Jirachat, who travelled to Israel for work four years ago, was seized by Hamas along with five other workers who had taken cover together, according to a Thai TV interview with his father, who had spoken to survivors.

Natthaporn Onkaew, Komkrit Chombua, Parinya Taemklang, Pattanayuth Tonsokri, Kiattisak “Top” Patee and a Mr Pongtorn (no first name given) were all named by the Thai foreign ministry as hostages. Thailand said 14 of its nationals in total were captured.

More on Israel-Gaza war

Hostages freed

Five hostages are now known to be free. Two Americans – Judith Raanan and her daughter Natalie Raanan – were released on Friday 20 October.

Two elderly women – Nurit Cooper and Yocheved Lifschitz – were freed on Monday 23 October.

An Israeli soldier – Ori Megidish – was freed during ground operations in Gaza on 29 October and was reunited with her family, the Israel Defence Forces (IDF) said.

Research by Jamie Ryan and Emma Pengelly

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